In the second quarter of 2020, due to the liquidity support of central banks and the effective control of the COVID-19 epidemic in some regions, the financial market gradually recovered from the negative impact of the epidemic. The global stock market staged a recovery overall, but still away from the level before the epidemic spread in February 2020. The average of the US dollar index has rebounded from the first quarter, the yen and the euro have been stable, and most emerging economies have suffered from a significant currency devaluation. As the Federal Reserve launched open QE and injected liquidity into the market through large-scale repurchase and other tools, the price movement of various assets has returned to normal. On June 30, the VIX index was 30.43%, a significant decline from March. In the latest World Economic Outlook Report released by the International Monetary Fund, the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on economy is more serious than expected, and the recovery is expected to be slower than before: the global GDP growth rate in 2020 is expected to be –4.9%, 1.9% lower than the forecast in April. The IMF predicts that all regions (developed economies, emerging markets, and developing economies) will suffer negative growth in 2020, and the forecasts of consumption growth in most economies have been reduced. The global growth in 2021 is expected to be 5.4%, which is 0.4% lower than the forecast in April. Consumption will gradually increase next year, and investment will stabilize and pick up, but it will remain weak.
In the first quarter of 2020, affected by the COVID-19 epidemic, the financial market became turbulent, and the global economic prosperity declined significantly after March. The global stock market is in great turmoil, the liquidity crisis of the US dollar broke out, assets were sold off, and the prices of risky assets and safe-haven assets plunged one after another. The VIX index rose more than the financial crisis in 2008. In the latest World Economic Outlook Report released by the International Monetary Fund, the world economic growth is facing the most serious blow since the Great Depression in the 1930s: for the first time, the world is facing the simultaneous recession of both developed and emerging economies. The IMF predicts that the global GDP growth will shrink by 3% in 2020, and the global economy will recover to the 5.8% YoY growth level in 2021. The COVID-19 epidemic will cause losses of about US$9 trillion worldwide in the next two years, exceeding the total GDP of Japan and Germany. If the epidemic continues until 2021, global GDP may shrink by 2.2% next year.